The Need for Self-Managed Learning
Our complex and rapidly changing world creates a need for self-initiated and self-managed learning. Knowing how to manage one’s own learning activities has become, in short, an important survival tool. In this review we summarize recent research on what people do and do not understand about the learning activities and processes that promote comprehension, retention, and transfer.
Importantly, recent research has revealed that there is in fact much that we, as learners, do not tend to know about how best to assess and manage our own learning. For reasons that are not entirely clear, our intuitions and introspections appear to be unreliable as a guide to how we should manage our own learning activities. One might expect that our intuitions and practices would be informed by what Bjork (2011) has called the “trials and errors of everyday living and learning,” but that appears not to be the case. Nor do customs and standard practices in training and education seem to be informed, at least reliably, by any such understanding.
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